Author: Charles Frank

The Science of Drug Use: A Resource for the Justice Sector National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA

what is the most common way of taking drugs

Because of the way these drugs work on the brain, they affect the ability to make healthy choices and decisions. Even drinking makes people more likely to get involved in dangerous situations, like driving under the influence or having unprotected sex. Drugs are chemicals or substances that change the way our bodies work. Some are medicines that help people when doctors prescribe them. People who inject drugs are at a much greater risk of catching an infectious disease because of needle-sharing.

However, addictive substances can also be ingested in this manner. A dissociative drug used as an anesthetic in veterinary practice. Stimulant abuse (like with some ADHD drugs) may cause heart problems, seizures, panic attacks, paranoia, and violent behavior. These risks increase when stimulants are mixed with other medicines — even ones you can buy without a prescription, like cold medicines. Two groups of synthetic drugs — synthetic cannabinoids and substituted or synthetic cathinones — are illegal in most states. The effects of these drugs can be dangerous and unpredictable, as there is no quality control and some ingredients may not be known.

Many drugs can alter a person’s thinking and judgment, and can lead to health risks, including addiction, drugged driving, infectious disease, and adverse effects on pregnancy. Information on commonly used drugs with the potential for misuse or addiction can be found here. The dangers of prescription drug abuse can be even worse if people take drugs in a way they weren’t intended to be used. Ritalin may seem harmless because it’s prescribed even for little kids with ADHD. But when a person takes it either unnecessarily or in a way it wasn’t intended (such as snorting or injection), serious problems can happen.

The talking points below are written in plain language as a suggested way to communicate concepts of drug use and addiction to adults or teens. If you have a mental disorder along with an addiction, it is known as a dual diagnosis.

Preventing drug misuse in children and teenagers

Snorting substances is one of the faster methods for getting high. The thin nasal lining allows tiny blood vessels to absorb the drug, releasing the substance almost directly into the bloodstream. Many people consume marijuana in various food items, known as edibles. Cannabis or marijuana oils are put into foods in order to maintain a consistent high through the digestive system’s release.

what is the most common way of taking drugs

Abruptly stopping or reducing them too quickly can lead to seizures. If you’re not ready to approach a health care provider or mental health professional, help lines or hotlines may be a good place to learn about treatment. You can find these lines listed on the internet or in the phone book. The brain changes from addiction can be lasting, so drug addiction is considered a “relapsing” disease. This means that people in recovery are at risk for taking drugs again, even after years of not taking them.

When to see a doctor

While any unclean drug paraphernalia can lead to infectious disease spread, unclean needles mean that blood is shared between users. This increases the spread of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV. Injection drug use can also spread other viral or bacterial infections, including STIs, which rely on bodily fluids to spread. The most famous snorted drug is probably cocaine, which is a highly addictive stimulant that typically comes in the form of white powder. In fact, the idea of snorting a drug came to the Western world in the form of snuff, or snorted tobacco. When a person takes a drug orally, whether it is alcohol or a pill, the drug is absorbed through the lining of the stomach and intestines, and then into the bloodstream.

  1. Signs and symptoms of drug use or intoxication may vary, depending on the type of drug.
  2. These methods can lead to infections in any of these areas, as well as damage to the surrounding skin, muscles, and nerves.
  3. These programs include education and outreach to help people understand the risks of drug use.

It can be a place, person, thing, smell, feeling, picture, or memory that reminds you of taking a drug and getting high. A trigger can be something stressful that you want to escape from. Sometimes people quit their drug use for a while because they’re away from triggers that remind them about their drug use.

Drug use can have significant and damaging short-term and long-term effects. Taking some drugs can be particularly risky, especially if you take high doses or combine them with other drugs or alcohol. A trigger is anything that makes you feel the urge to go back to using drugs.

During the intervention, these people gather together to have a direct, heart-to-heart conversation with the person about the consequences of addiction. If you have a severe addiction, you may need hospital-based or residential treatment. Residential treatment programs combine housing and treatment services. For those who suffer from existing respiratory issues such as allergies or asthma, smoking can exacerbate these problems.

What is drug addiction?

Some individuals snort drugs such as ecstasy, cocaine, heroin, and amphetamines. Drugs enter into the bloodstream through the nasal mucus membranes and through the stomach. Individuals snorting drugs will experience the drug sensation within about 15 minutes after snorting their drugs. For example, the deterioration of the lining of the nasal cavity and the septum can occur, and sharing straws and other items to snort the drugs can lead to hepatitis C and HIV. The abuse of prescription drugs, whether it be through smoking or swallowing, can have short-term as well as long-term health complications.

Changes in the brain

For more information, see the Misuse of Prescription Drugs Research Report. For more information, see the Methamphetamine Research Report. A tropical deciduous tree (Mitragyna speciosa) native to Southeast Asia, with leaves that contain many compounds, including mitragynine, a psychotropic (mind-altering) opioid. Kratom is consumed for mood-lifting effects and pain relief and as an aphrodisiac. A powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America.

Because of the slow release, it is easy for people to take too much of a drug because they initially don’t feel the effects of the drug, and this can lead to overdose. Smoking is a faster way to get addictive substances into the bloodstream than ingestion. The internal lining of the lungs allows oxygen to pass into the bloodstream so that it can be delivered to organ systems, from the brain to the intestines.

This is another common method of taking drugs such as cocaine, heroin, ecstasy, and amphetamines. Snorting is the third fastest-acting method of drug consumption as individuals will usually experience the drug’s effects within 15 minutes or so. Ingestion is one of the slowest methods for drugs to take effect.

Neurons use chemicals called neurotransmitters to communicate. Substituted cathinones, also called “bath salts,” are mind-altering (psychoactive) substances similar to amphetamines such as ecstasy (MDMA) and cocaine. Packages are often labeled as other products to avoid detection. Synthetic cannabinoids, also called K2 or Spice, are sprayed on dried herbs and then smoked, but can be prepared as an herbal tea. Despite manufacturer claims, these are chemical compounds rather than “natural” or harmless products. These drugs can produce a “high” similar to marijuana and have become a popular but dangerous alternative.